Art | Chemistry | Geography | Geology | Mother Language

Pedagogic content

  • Eruption
  • Tectonic plates
  • Magma
  • Lava
  • Chemical reactions


Computer skills

New competencies targeted


  • Create by using simple materials a volcano eruption  
  • Understand volcano formation and types  
  • Identify key features of volcanic activity  
  • Create a chemical reaction  
  • Identify images and videos of real active volcanoes in Mediterranean Basin



(In the classroom). Educator activates prior knowledge by playing a video of a volcanic formation, eruption (e.g.


(in the classroom).
Educator asks students to sketch a volcano and label it with the appropriate vocabulary words (eruption, lava, magma, mantle, tectonic plates, etc.)


Educator divides the students in pairs and by using their sketch as a prop, they discuss each other about what causes a volcanic eruption and they keep notes in the worksheet.


(In the ICT lab).
Educator asks the students to work in pairs and to find information about the most popular volcanoes in their region or in Mediterranean basin generally and keep notes from their findings.


(in  the science lab).
Students in small groups are provided by some common materials from our daily life to make an experiment. They will represent a volcanic eruption and will get an idea of what it might look like when a volcano erupts flowing lava. This experiment  presents how a chemical reaction can create the appearance of a physical  volcano eruption.


(in the science lab).
Educator gives the following instructions to the students for the experiment:


  • Mix the red coloring and baking soda in a small bowl until it’s pink in color.
  • Use a funnel to put this dry mixture into the bottle. To give the volcano a more pyramid/mountain shape  use air dry clay to create the slopes of the mountain around the bottle.
  • When you're ready for it to erupt, add in the vinegar and watch the lava ooze out.

(In the science lab).
Each group demonstrates the experiment, and they keep notes about the results.


(In the science lab).
All the groups discuss about the type of simulation the explosion represents


(in  the classroom). Students make a poster with all the information they found through their research

Additional Info

Type of Activity: Experimental activities, Exhibition, Information research
Target Audience: From 12 years old
Place: Classroom, ICT laboratory, Science laboratory
Material need: 400 ml of white or red vinegar
Food coloring
Baking soda 
Air dry clay
Empty 2-liter soda bottle, or any other kind of plastic bottle
Gloves, funnels, spoons, pencils, worksheets, etc.
Duration of Activity: IMPLEMENTATION:

1 - 3 hours

Authorship and ressources conditions to use: HCMR (Education Unit)  No authorization required
Note by Author:

Educator should activate prior knowledge of students

Topic of this Experiences: Natural hazards in the Mediterranean Basin
Additional resources: Pdf Version